The Oak and the Brier in The Shepheardes Calender

Philip Sidney created one-way anagram in his Song for an Accession Day Tilt (1577). In the song, Philisides and Mira can be easily transformed to Philip Sidney and Mary.


Next important issue is The Shepheardes Calender (TSC, 1579). All names in TSC are carefully selected based on Sidney's method. One quick example is the tale of the Oak and the Brier.
Which made this foolish Brier wex so bold,
That on a time he cast him to scold,
And sneb the good Oak, for he was old. (TSC, February)
"Foolish Brier" can spell Frier. Frier is an obsolete form of Friar. "Good Oak" can spell God. Oak is an obsolete form of yoke. This can be affirmed by Palinode's lines:
Good is no good, but if it be spend:
God giveth good for none other end. (TSC, May)
So what is that "Husbandman" that cuts the "good Oak"?
It's Human.

Allegory of the Oak and Brier and Husbandman shows how TSC combines identity with function in naming its characters, including the mysterious E. K.

E. K.'s function is to "eke" the book TSC.
E. K. is derived from TO HIS BOOKE (booKE) of TSC.

The name E. K. appears only twice. In both places, words around E. K. can spell Mary Sidney. TSC is dedicated to Philip Sidney.

Areopagus (Ares Rock) is led by Philip Sidney; Shakespeare (E. K.: "Bellona ... shaked her speare"), by Mary Sidney. Bellona is the consort of Ares.

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